Heidi Kaufman specializes in nineteenth-century British literary and cultural studies and digital humanities. She published English Origins, Jewish Discourse, and the Nineteenth-Century British Novel in 2009. This study examines novelistic responses to Jewish and Christian religious and historical affiliations. Her articles and essay collections focus on nation formation, religion, race, and imperial culture in nineteenth-century Britain. She has co-edited Fear, Loathing, and Victorian Xenophobia, (2013), just reissued in paperback; and An Uncomfortable Authority: Maria Edgeworth and Her Contexts, (2004). Professor Kaufman is currently co-editing a volume of essays on Caribbean Jewish Literary Intersections. She is also completing a study of writing from London’s East End.